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The key points in effectively presenting research findings using tables, figures, and text are:

tables, figures, and text

1. Ensure tables and figures are self-explanatory and can be understood without referring to the main text. The titles, labels, and formatting should be clear and informative.

2. Use tables and figures to complement the text, not repeat it. The text should highlight the key points and significance of the data, without duplicating the exact values.

3. Maintain consistency between the data presented in tables/figures and the information in the main text.

4. Choose the appropriate format (table, figure, or text) based on the nature and amount of data. Tables are good for numerical data, figures for visual representation, and text for describing complex relationships.

5. Follow the specific guidelines of the target journal regarding the preparation, formatting, and placement of tables and figures.

6. Avoid clutter by including only relevant data in tables and figures. Organize the information clearly using appropriate spacing, labels, and legends.

7. Write the findings section in a clear, concise, and engaging manner, using the present tense. Highlight both positive and negative/insignificant results, as they all contribute to the overall research.

The key advantages and disadvantages of using tables to present data are:

1. Tables provide precise numerical values and allow for exact comparisons between data points.
2. Tables can convey detailed information and a large amount of data in a compact format.
3. Tables are useful for presenting structured data, such as categorized or time-series information.

1. Tables may not be the most effective way to quickly visualize trends and patterns in the data.
2. Tables can become cluttered and difficult to read, especially when dealing with a large amount of data.
3. Tables do not provide the same visual impact and “at-a-glance” understanding as figures or charts.
4. On smaller screens, tables can require horizontal scrolling, decreasing readability.
5. Tables may not be the best option for comparing products, summarizing literature, or presenting raw data.

In summary, tables excel at presenting precise numerical values and structured data, but may not be the optimal choice when the goal is to quickly convey trends, relationships, or a large amount of information. The choice between tables, figures, or text should depend on the specific needs of the data and the target audience.

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