What is the importance of peer-review process?
The peer-review process aims to ensure the publication of useful and high-quality scientific articles for the scientific community.
The peer-review process may lead to the rejection or revision of the manuscript. Although this step may be of concern to the authors, the revisions improve the quality of the manuscript.
Peer-review is a process that confirms the scientific validity of the journal
In the process of peer-review, the reviewers approve or reject the scientific quality of the submitted article. In case of scientific validity, the manuscript goes to the next stage.
If the article has minor problems, the reviewers give free advice to the author to solve the problem of the article and if it is corrected, they prepare it for the next step. When the article is not scientifically approved by the reviewers, it is rejected and referred to the author.
Manuscripts approved by the reviewers in the peer-review process must have the following features
- Completeness and strength in terms of scientific and semantic load: Experts in charge of the peer-review process may point to gaps in the authors’ manuscript that need further explanation or experimentation.
- The fluency of the text prose: Your article should have fluent and comprehensible prose for readers and professionals who read your article.
- Usefulness of the article: The importance of the published article for others in the field related to the subject of the article is very important for the reviewers.
They can give you suggestions on how to improve or enhance the quality of your article. It goes without saying that the reviewers try to ensure that the articles published in the journal are of good quality to advance the goals of the journal.
Types of peer–review
Any journal published online or in print follows one of the following types of peer review
Closed: In this type of review, only the reviewers are aware of the authors’ identities;
Double-blind or Double anonymized review: Neither the writer nor the referee knows each other;
Open: In this type of review, both the author and the reviewers are aware of each other’s identities.
In some journals, referee reports may be published alongside published articles