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A review article is a review of previously published research on a particular topic. It should provide an overview of current thinking on the topic and and does not contain new empirical data. Be. The purpose of reviewing the literature is to help researchers find new areas of study for further study, and they can also draw new conclusions from current data. You may be asked to submit a review or review of a journal article, so as a researcher, you have the opportunity to comment and evaluate your eligibility on how to write an article. This means that you have to do more than just summarize other studies you have to look at it on a deeper level. However, as you work through the research process, you become involved in a particular topic, and your observations about topic presentation will be valuable and can contribute to a larger discussion.

Review article

What are the functions of review articles?

  • Provide a thorough understanding of a subject.
  • Explain where we are presently in terms of knowledge.
  • Identifying the gaps in existing studies for future research.
  • Emphasize the most important research methodology and techniques.

What is the best way to write a review article?

If you want to write a review article or if you are invited to write a review article, you need to be proficient in putting the words on a page – getting an invitation from an editor and turning it into yourself or turning your suggestion into a real article. Here are some tips to help write a professional article.

  1. Review the journal’s objectives and scope.

  • Make sure you’ve read and understood the goals and scope of the publication to which you’re submitting, and that you’re adhering to them.
  • Different journals accept various types of articles, and not all of them will take review articles, so double-check before you start writing.
  • Most journals have a voluminous set of author guidelines that cover everything from how to format a glossary (bold each term the first time it appears in the main text), to how long an abstract should be (no more than 120 words for longer formats and 50 words for shorter formats), and to how to prepare print-quality figures (300 dpi, .tif format preferred).
  • These are essential considerations that can delay or prevent publication if they aren’t addressed, but they can be handled as you polish your work for submission.
  1. Define your target audience

  • Define the scope of your review article and the research subject you’ll be addressing, ensuring that your work adds value to the field.
  • You’ll also need to limit the scope of your review so that it is manageable, not too vast or little. When the subject is well established, it may be required to focus on recent advances.
  • Make sure you know who will be reading the article before you begin writing.
  • Maintaining a constant tone throughout the book may seem apparent, but it will save you a lot of time in editing.
  • Is this a review of a tutorial geared at folks who are brand new to the field?
  • You’ll want to include plenty of background and define any phrases that may appear self-evident.
  • What about a historical perspective?
  • Don’t be scared to go back to the foundational works in the literature. Is it better to write a digest or a highlight piece?
  • Focus less on collecting every single paper on the subject and more on what the most interesting few of outcomes have to say.
  • Focus on what the most interesting handful of results indicates right now rather than gathering every single paper on the topic.
  1. Locating and evaluating sources

  • Use various search engines/databases to ensure you don’t miss any important ones when looking for sources to assess.
  1. Create a title, abstract, and keywords for your paper

  • Spend some time coming up with a catchy title, abstract, and keywords.
  • This will increase the visibility of your article on the internet, ensuring that the proper people see it.
  • Clear, concise, precise, and useful titles and abstracts are necessary.
  1. Explain the subject

  • First, figure out what the manuscript’s overarching goal is.
  • What do you want the reader to take away from this?
  • What are the most important points you’d like to make?
  • Consider where the review’s concept came from in the first place.
  • If an editor asks you to write a review after seeing a talk, it’s a good idea to write the review with the same message as the talk.
  • Make sure you are aware of other research in the field over the past few years to ensure your point of view offers a distinct viewpoint on the subject, says the author after deciding what to transmit to the reader.
  • It’s worthwhile to re-examine the literature once you have a clear feel of the readership, the magazine’s criteria, and the scope to ensure you are not unwittingly producing the identical article that someone else published a few months ago.
  • Begin by providing an overview of the topic and some context, as well as an explanation of why a review of the issue is required.
  • Gather information for your introduction and make it broad enough to appeal to a wide range of non-experts.
  • This will help it reach a bigger audience and have a greater impact.
  • Make sure your introduction isn’t overly long.
  • To make it easier to identify essential elements, divide the review into sections of a reasonable length.
  1. Incorporate critical thinking

  • Make sure you give a critical analysis of the topic, not just a descriptive summary. Include a discussion element and provide both sides of the issue if there is contradictory research in your area of concentration.
  • You can also utilize your review article to address any discrepancies between studies.
  1. Concluding

  • As part of your conclusion, you might make recommendations for future research on the subject.
  1. Use a critical friend 

  • Before submitting your article, make the last spell and grammar check.
  • Before you submit, you might wish to have solicit criticism from a critical friend or colleague.
  • Consider utilizing a language editing/proofreading service if English isn’t your first language.

Type of Review Articles

Types by methodological approach

  • Narrative review: Selected studies are compared and summarized on the basis of the author’s experience, existing theories and models. Results are based on a qualitative rather than a quantitative level.
  • Best evidence review: A focus on selected studies is combined with systematic methods of study-selection and result exploration.
  • Systematic review: Findings from various individual studies are analyzed statistically by strict procedures. Meta-Analyses are used to pool the results of individual studies.

Types by objective

  • Status quo review: Presentation of the most current research for a given topic or field of research.
  • History review: Development of a field of research over time.
  • Issue review: Investigation of an issue (i.e. a point of disagreement or a question) in a specific field of research.
  • Theory/model review: Introduction of a new theory or model in a specific field of research.

Types by mandate

  • Invited reviews: experienced researchers are invited
  • Commissioned reviews: formal contracts of authors with clients
  • Unsolicited submissions: researchers develop an idea for a review and submit it to journal editors

How long is a review article?

The length of review articles may vary remarkably. Narrative reviews may be within the range of 8,000-40,000 words (references and everything else included). However, the systematic reviews are usually shorter with less than 10,000 words.


Some fields may merely require you to summarize the article without offering an opinion or assessment. It is crucial to properly and critically analyze the article before beginning the critique. Before critiquing, we recommend taking notes, annotating, and reading the article numerous times. Take notes on the thesis, purpose, research questions, hypotheses, methods, evidence, key findings, major conclusions, tone, and publishing information as you read. Some of these items may or may not be applicable depending on your writing situation.

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