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In this article, you will learn how to write a scientific article for publication and then prepare it for submission. In previous articles, we have explained the different sections of an article to you. Today, we want to review your findings and conclusions on research submissions, scientific illustration, research ethics, and how your article looks by compiling it as an SEO research article. After that, we explain the review process that an article undergoes.

final decision

Review of findings and conclusions in the research

Your manuscript should describe everything in your findings and conclusions concisely and clearly. This approach is similar to writing the abstract, you should avoid redundancies as much as possible. The quality of your writing is also very important here. For example, you need to make sure you are using an active voice. Active voice is generally stronger and more direct than passive voice. Time is also a very important item. Use the present tense when incorporating known hypotheses and facts. Use the past tense when referring to previous tests and results.

What is scientific illustration?

Scientific illustration is the creation of a work of art. Tables, figures, and other type of illustrations aim to communicate complex concepts, details, and topics engagingly and understandably. Using professionally generated images to illustrate complex ideas can improve the readability of your article.

You can enrich your article by referring to external sources. you can also use a graphical abstract which is a visual summary of your main findings and conclusions. These enrichments can enhance your visibility in online search results, increase your potential to reach your audience, and make it easier for your audience to understand the main points of your article. Finally, your graphical abstract can act as an advertising tool on social media and your website. Be sure to add a link to the full article.

Ethical considerations in research

Attention to ethics in research is increasingly important. Therefore, it is very important that you understand the principles of ethical research and how it may affect you. The author should consider the following points when submitting a research paper to a journal.

  • Competitive benefits
  • Author conflicts of interest
  • Plagiarism
  • Simultaneous submission
  • acknowledgment
  • Fraud

Some of the above violations can be done unintentionally. However, to make sure you do not have a problem with your manuscript, check several times that you have not knowingly or unknowingly committed scientific misconduct.

The SEO research paper

You can add your research to the knowledge-based websites to make it easily accessible and usable. In this way, you will receive a decent credit for your work. Any data you upload to one of several repositories can be linked to your published article. Not only do you ensure that your work can be found, but you also support other researchers in your field, allowing your audience to take a closer look. it is an important issue to let your audience know that you published a manuscript.

One way you can increase your chances is to SEO your article. This means using keywords in the title and abstract, adding SEO-based captions with keywords for all photos, tables, graphs, and images.

Article submission

The last step in writing an article is to submit it to the journal and follow up on the reviewers’ responses. Some journals use content management software for article submission. So, an email is automatically sent to the author, and the author is thanked after the author submit an article.

In some other journals, this is not the case. In journals where the editor-in-chief has stricter rules, an email is sent to all authors separately to ensure the identity of the authors and the method of study, and their role in their study. Therefore, an article  submitted to a scientific journal may follow different steps according to the rules and policies of a journal. In some newly established and small journals, after submission, the editor first reads the article and then other steps and the reviewing process begins and if it does not correspond to the goals of the journal, it will be rejected.

However, in some other journals, the technical editor screen the first draft of articles. The editor-in-chief of scientific journals usually asks the authors to nominate two or three reviewers for the their article. After an article completed the review process and announcing the referee’s comments, the publication manager should summarize the opinions of the various reviewers. S/he then send the reviewers’ comments to the editor-in-chief so that the editor can make the final decision based on the reviewers’ comments. The draft articles may be rejected or accepted by the editorial board. If the article is accepted, it will follow the requested procedure. Otherwise, there is no need to worry and the author can send the draft article to another journal. The author must prepare and submit a draft of the article according to the instructions of the new journal.

Final decisions 

After the editor-in-chief makes the final decisions, the author may receive one of the following comments about the submitted article:

  • Confirmation of the article without change (rarely): In this case, the authors must give an accurate answer to the opinion of the reviewers. This comment does not cause much change in the structure of the article.
  • Major revisions: If the author(s) receive this comments, it means that the article suffers from some important issue that the reviewers raised and wait to see how the author(s) answer.
  • Minor revisions: Article with minor revisions do not take much time for the author(s) to revise them.
  • Article not accepted: In this case, the article cannot be published in the journal. Some journals may raise the important issues in the article and ask authors to resubmit their article again after responding to the opinions of the reviewers and making corrections. However, some other journal may not accept any further corrections. There are some journals that they themselves refer to the article to another journals.

In case of rejection, the author must change the draft of the article according to the authors’ instructions of the new journal before submitting the draft.

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